Pa´ez X; Herna´ndez L, 2003. New York, USA: Charles Scribner's Sons. Kress WJ, Defilipps RA, Farr E, Kyi DYY, 2003. Large round ‘zonale’ leaves with a faint brown marking. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Pelargonium zonale - Пеларгония зональная Brocade. The name comes from the parent plant Pelargonium zonale but they are usually referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum, a hybrid of Pelargonium zonale and Pelargonium inquinans. http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/publications/guidelines/alert/p-alchemilloides.html, DAISIE, 2014. Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. Leaves are reniform and petiolate with an average diameter of 5 to 8 cm.. From shop … Classic Diabolo. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Despite a murky beginning in early 20th century herbal promotions, there appears to be some evidence for efficacy in treating bronchitis due to Pelargonium's direct antibiotic effect and host immune stimulation. Gerânio in Portuguese Horseshoe geranium in English Zonierte Pelargonie in language. Today it is naturalized in many subtropical and tropical countries[which?] P. zonale usually does best in full sun and is sensitive to shade, but cultivar hybrids of P. zonale may tolerate some shade (PFAF, 2014; Royal Horticultural Society, 2014). Jefferson's garden. There has been much confusion in the literature surrounding the genera of Pelargonium and Geranium. Its stems are succulent, hairy when young and becoming woody with age. flowers-23402 - pelargonium zonale vintage printable illustration digital download picture image public domain book page plate high resolut ArtsCult. No information was found for methods of prevention and control of this species, as it has not been reported to be usually problematic. Aspiration of wilde malva (Pelargonium zonale) leaf stalk single-mesophyll-cell content with a nano-ESI tip followed by MS revealed over 1,000 features from a sample of 1 to 5 picoliters. Common names Geranio rosado in language. Cell wall composition profiling of parasitic giant dodder (Cuscuta reflexa) and its hosts: a priori differences and induced changes. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. You may think that red, pink, or white annual flowering plants with thick pleated leaves are called \"geraniums,\" since everyone calls them that. Перейти до навігації Перейти до пошуку Britton NL, 1924. Primera parte.) Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 45:1-590. Loewer HP, 2004. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Soc. http://tropicos.org/Project/IPCN, ITIS, 2014. In the USA, P. zonale has been present in cultivation since at least the time of Thomas Jefferson’s presidency (1801-1809), as he had the plant growing at both the White House and his home in Virginia, Monticello (Loewer, 2004). Western Australian Herbarium, 2014. True geraniums are perennials called cranesbill geraniums. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Kress WJ; Defilipps RA; Farr E; Kyi DYY, 2003. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Dixon K, 2011. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. http://www.europe-aliens.org/, Flora of Pakistan, 2014. The older stems harden and become woody with age. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. Taxonavigation . Wiersema JH; León B, 1999. The species is listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds as “garden thug, naturalised, weed” (Randall, 2012), is known to escape from cultivation (Liogier and Martorell, 2000), and some of its hybrids are known to be weedy or invasive, but it does not appear to be a Pelargonium species with high risk of introduction based on current evidence. Mechanicsburg, PA, USA: Stackpole Books, 260 pp. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Pelargoniums of Southern Africa. Presumably after 1700 the species was accidentally introduced to the wild in Spain and France where it was being grown as an ornamental, and it has since become established in parts of both countries (DAISIE, 2014). Additionally, the leaves of this species are edible and can be eaten as a vegetable (PFAF, 2014). Cultivars have also been developed from P. zonale which are likewise widespread in cultivation. Batsford Ltd, 175 pp. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, CABI, Undated. Resembling miniature rosebuds, they bloom from summer to frost. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and Virgin Islands. The aromatic, or scented-leaved, geraniums are found in… http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. Catalog of plants cultivated in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Trinidad, from 1865-1870., Trinidad: Chronicle Printing Office. Vivid pink single flowers, upper two petals look almost joined. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD)., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. Pelargonium zonale is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). > 0°C, dry winters), Species introduced for use as an ornamental and grown in botanical gardens in Europe, Species is a parent of many ornamental hybrids today, Species known to have escaped from cultivation. Bello Espinosa D, 1881. The following products contain Pelargonium The species remained popular throughout eighteenth century Europe, and in 1801 Rembrandt portrayed his botanist brother Rubens holding a large geranium in a terracotta pot. www.hoya.sk. The zonal Pelargoniums. In its native South Africa, P. zonale is common in coastal areas, and grows naturally in valleys and ravines, on forest margins, cliffsides and rocky outcrops with scrub vegetation (Walt, 1977; SANBI, 2014). Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. The plant species has also been investigated for use in treating gastritis. In Italy it was accidentally introduced through live “food trade, animals and plants used for ornamental purposes in parks, gardening, bonsai, etc.”, but reportedly did not become an established introduction in the country (DAISIE, 2014). P. zonale is native to South Africa but is a common ornamental flowering plant in various parts of the world today. Flora of Pakistan, 2014. These hybrids are usually referred to by the common name "zonal geranium". Ivy, or hanging, geraniums (P. peltatum) are grown as basket plants indoors and out; they are also used as ground covers in warm areas. Alien plant invasions in native ecosystems of Hawai'i: Management and Research. Свернуть. Index of California Plant Names. Pelargonium zonale is an erect to scrambling shrub with almost succulent stems that are often hairy. The attachment on the seeds of P. capitatum, for example, reportedly will essentially drill and secure the seed into soil if twisted by the wind or affected by movement of animals, and this species is considered one of the most widespread and naturally invasive of coastal weeds in the Perth region of Australia (Dixon, 2011; Western Australian Herbarium, 2014). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Bolivia, Tropicos website. PELARGONIUM 2019/2020. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. It is included but not listed as invasive in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) and does not appear to be a priority species in the Pacific, as it has not yet received a PIER risk assessment. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Botany of Porto Rico and Virgin Islands. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. In temperate climate zones, plants are set out in gardens in the spring, then can be dug prior to the first freeze and brought indoors to overwinter; they can be re-planted in the spring. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Hort. The species was not included in Macfadyen’s work on Jamaica (1837), Bello’s work on Puerto Rico (1881; 1883), or Britton and Millspaugh’s Bahama Flora (1920). Geranium is also the botanical name and common name of a separate genus of related plants, also known as cranesbills. It also has potential for medicinal use. This species, when hybidized with closely related species, has yielded a group of hybrid plants referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum. (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. Pesticides should always be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product's label. You might be surprised to know that these common plants are not geraniums at all. Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér. It is in leaf all year, in flower in August. The plants should be pruned after flowering, and they respond very well to feeding with liquid organic fertilizers. Pelargonium zonale - Пеларгония зональная Classic - Классик. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Brocade Cherry Night. 585 pp. The leaves are large, smooth or textured, fairly crisp and usually with a pale to dark horseshoe-shaped mark which is a characteristic of this species. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. In the 16th century, Pelargonium seeds were transported from Africa to Leiden in the Netherlands, where the plant was grown in the botanical garden there. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan, ICPN, 2014. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to July. TO S C A N A ® Zonale. From Wikispecies. The species was reportedly present in Hawaii by 1888 (Stone et al., 1992), but less data is available for this species in the Pacific and Asian region than other Pelargonium species and hybrids. The genus name Pelargonium derives from the Greek word ‘pelargos’, meaning ‘stork’, in reference to the beak-like shape of the fruit, which has also resulted in the genus being called the ‘stork’s bill’ genus (Stearn, 1992). St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. The leaves often have a narrow, dark, zigzag "zone" of pigmentation, giving rise to both the scientific and common names. It is one of the parents of the widely cultivated plant Pelargonium × hortorum, often called "geranium", "zonal geranium" or "zonal pelargonium". 2: 424 1789. The distinctly irregular flowers are borne in a typically umbel-like inflorescence (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). Walt JJAvan der, 1977. Gametophytic count = 9,15; sporophytic count= 15, 24 (IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014). The PLANTS Database. Pelargoniums, commonly known as geraniums, are a large group of mostly evergreen and tender perennials used as bedding or houseplants. Pelargonium amoenum hort. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Monoclamídeas.) Measure the EC every week. Plants for a future. Coastal plants: a guide to the identification and restoration of plants of the Perth region [ed. http://tropicos.org/Project/CV. Online Database. Pelargonium zonale was collected by Henrik Bernard Oldenland in 1689 at Meiringspoort Pas. Please try again later. see more; Family Geraniaceae . It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. World Economic Plants: A Standard Reference. Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS), USFS Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER), Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year. In Sardinia and Sicily, the species was also accidentally introduced but likewise has not become established (DAISIE, 2014). Stearn WT, 1992. CRC for Australian Weed Management, 2003. http://www.pfaf.org. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. Liogier HA, Martorell LF, 2000. Members of the Pelargonium genus can disperse their small seeds by wind, water, and soil. Young branches almost succulent and usually covered with hairs, harden with age. Common name(s): Zonal Geranium Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Geraniaceae Origin: Africa More infos: Zonal Geraniums are available in many varieties. The genus Geranium was originally described by Linnaeus in 1753 but was then divided into Pelargonium and Geranium by Charles L’Héritier in 1789, and many species from both genera have retained the name ‘geranium’ in their vernacular names. The genus Pelargonium is divided into sections based on morphological and other features. FloraBase - the Western Australian Flora., Australia: Department of Parks and Wildlife, Western Australia. zonale was reportedly introduced to Europe at the turn of the eighteenth century by way of the Netherlands, where the garden in Leiden received seeds from the garden of the Dutch East India Trade Company in South Africa, and the plant was recorded to be growing in Amsterdam’s medicinal gardens by 1700 (Miller, 1996). 1192 pp. 2014, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/publications/guidelines/alert/p-alchemilloides.html, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/index.html, http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=338, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://botany.si.edu/antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/micronesia/, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, ‘alien’, ‘not established’ in mainland Italy, Sardinia, Sicily, Protected agriculture (e.g. Manoa, Hawaii, USA: Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai'i, 887 pp. Britton NL, 1918. ex Aiton Pelargonium zonale L'Hér. It requires semi-shade to full sun conditions. Stored seed should be sown in early spring in a greenhouse. Britton NL; Millspaugh CF, 1920. Randall RP, 2012. A favorite of Queen Victoria, Pelargonium 'Appleblossom Rosebud' (Zonal Geranium) is a bushy, evergreen, tender perennial with striking rounded clusters, densely packed with fully double rose-shaped flowers of white tipped with rose-pink. Greensboro, North Carolina, USA: National Plant Data Team. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press, 749 pp. The South African geranium ( Pelargonium sidoides ), also known as the black geranium or Cape pelargonium, is an herb long used in South African traditional medicine. http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/index.html, IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014. P. zonale has been intentionally introduced by man beyond its native South African range to various parts of the world primarily for cultivation as an ornamental plant. Bello D, 1883. Anal. The specific epithet zonale is the neutral inflected form of the Latin zonalis "relative to the zone", with reference to the brown zone on the leaf. A Global Compendium of Weeds. Pelargonium amoenum hort. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. by Dixon, K.]. It gradually reached the islands of the Caribbean, and in the 17th century it was already known in North America. The species was reportedly being cultivated in Trinidad in 1870 (Prestoe, 1870), and both Britton’s 1918 flora of Bermuda (1918) and Britton and Wilson’s flora of Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands (1923-1926) reported that many hybrids of P. zonale were common cultivated garden plants in these places. Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, x + 277 pp. Stone CP; Smith CW; Tunison JT (eds), 1992. (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. It was arguably during Victorian Britain that the cultivated geranium reached the height of its popularity, and the flower was a common feature in nosegays and poppies used to convey messages to one another through the ‘language of flowers’ that had been popularized during this time. http://www.hear.org/books/apineh1992/, USDA-ARS, 2014. http://pza.sanbi.org/. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Stearns dictionary of plant names for gardeners: A handbok on the origin and meaning of the botanical names of some cultivated plants. Plants can be obtained from seeds or vegetatively. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, 2nd edition revised., San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico. Their seeds typically possess a plume or tail-like attachment which can carry them over long distances. Another source places this introduction a full century earlier in 1609, when a shipment apparently arrived from South Africa’s Cape colony to the Netherlands, but this is unlikely (Loewer, 2004). In the wild it is found in from the Eastern to Western Cape Province. Nat, 10:231-304. Increase the N:K relation to 1: 1,5 after 4 weeks to improve the P. sidoides and P. reniforme are marketed as Umckaloaba or Zucol for bronchitis and pharyngitis. [English title not available]. Classic Noblesse. Botanically, they are called Pelargonium. Topical hemostatic effect of a common ornamental plant, the geraniaceae Pelargonium zonale. The species name zonale is derived from the Latin word ‘zona’, meaning ‘banded’ or ‘with a girdle’, referring to the horseshoe marking found on its leaves (Stearn, 1992; Miller,1996; SANBI, 2014). glasshouse production), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. There is a bewildering array of Pelargoniums in cultivation, but in addition to the species and the primary hybrids, the varieties that are most commonly used as garden and pot plants can be separated into six groups.. Delivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe. The Distribution Table does not cover all places where it is cultivated, as it is not listed in the floras of some countries where it is present in cultivation. In: Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, 45 1-590. It was first cultivated in England by the Duchess of Beaufort between 1706 and 1710 (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996). It has not yet demonstrated lasting negative environmental impacts to non-native ecosystems, but considering the severe invasiveness of other genus members, monitoring may be necessary in the future. The bottom three flare out. Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Sturdy and vigorous, this heirloom Zonal Geranium is perfect for borders and containers. Watch Queue Queue. The petals are narrow and a bright, deep pink, with reddish lines along the petals' length. Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers (IPCN), Tropicos website. 2015. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Gardening advice for Pelargonium (geraniums). For cultivated plants known as "zonal pelargoniums" or "zonal geraniums", see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pelargonium_zonale&oldid=989160035, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 11:32. Within a few years, it reached the British Isles, France, Italy and Spain and became popular. ex F.G.Dietr. Edible parts of Pelargonium zonale: Leaves and stems - cooked as a vegetable. Propagation of Pelargonium zonale: Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse. P. zonale is a flowering plant native to South Africa that has been cultivated as an ornamental in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. USDA-ARS, 2014. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). Species Pelargonium. In Puerto Rico, P. zonale is known to have escaped from cultivation, and is considered weedy in the Mediterranean (Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Randall, 2012). MacFadyen J, 1837. 2015. MS and MS/MS allowed the identification of α-terpineol, geraniol, geranic acid, and caffeine . Erect, softly woody shrub or subshrub. Pelargonia (Pelargonium L'Hér.) London, UK: B.T. Pelargonium zonale Матеріал з Вікіпедії — вільної енциклопедії. The Bahama Flora. Berkeley, USA: University of California. The flowers are borne in an umbel; individual flowers are markedly zygomorphic. Usually grows up to 1 m (40 in) but can reach heights of 3 m, often found scrambling through bushes or cascading off cliffs. PFAF, 2014. Because of … The species also occurs in dry valleys of the Bolivian Andes (Bolivia Checklist, 2014) and is widely cultivated in most tropical countries or in greenhouses (Flora of Pakistan, 2014). The genus name Pelargonium, in scientific Latin, derives from the Greek pelargós (πελαργός), designating the stork, the shape of the fruit evoking the beak of the bird. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. They look so great in pots and window boxes, and they are one of the most popular container plants. P. zonale is listed as ‘garden thug, naturalized, weed’ in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012). Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). With single or double flowers. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. P. zonale is a flowering plant native to South Africa that has been cultivated as an ornamental in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, 2nd edition revised. Other uses of the herb: An essential oil is obtained from the plant. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. ex Aiton is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Pelargonium (family Geraniaceae). The PLANTS Database. P. zonale is the parent of many, if not most, ornamental hybrids, such as the popular P. x hortum, the common garden pelargonium (Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). The species was apparently growing in Amsterdam’s medicinal gardens in 1700 (Miller, 1996), and recent research provides evidence that P. zonale may possess haemostatic and astringent properties (Paez and Hernandez, 2003; PFAF, 2014). Pelargonium zonale. Structure similar to all zonal forms available today, fleshy and thick stemmed. New York, USA: NL Britton & CF Millspaugh. Española de Hist. Watch Queue Queue Kew. Half opening umbel of a Pelargonium zonale, This article is about a wild species found in southern Africa. In California today, the species is a known introduction and reportedly “to be treated as a waif, in part because of an apparent lack of evidence that the plants are naturalized in CA” (ICPN, 2014). See beautiful Pelargonium varieties here! Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. The species was described by the Dutch botanist Jan Commelijn (1629–1692) and illustrated with a watercolor by Maria Moninckx. The primary reason for this species’ spread to tropical regions around the world is for use as an ornamental flowering plant in botanical gardens, homes, and estates, and it was for this reason P. zonale has been used as a parent species in breeding programs across Europe and America since the eighteenth century (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). Pelargonium / ˌ p ɛ l ɑːr ˈ ɡ oʊ n i ə m / is a genus of flowering plants which includes about 280 species of perennials, succulents, and shrubs, commonly known as geraniums, pelargoniums, or storksbills. Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 43(3):291-295. Liogier HA; Martorell LF, 2000. Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange for California Floristics. Other articles where Pelargonium zonale is discussed: geranium: inguinans and P. zonale) are the familiar forms in garden culture and in pots indoors. on the growth of Pelargonium Zonale L., and consequently ensure the comparison of these zeolite amended growing media with commercial growing media used in Slovenian horticultural enterprises. South African National Biodiversity Institute plant information website., South Africa: Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, South African National Biodiversity Institute. Flower colour usually pale pink, sometimes white or red, or a range from rose-pink to all shades of red, buds reflexed. The risk of introduction of this species is thus currently low, but considering it is a Pelargonium and that it is repeatedly cultivated beyond its native range of South Africa, monitoring may become necessary in the future, particularly in places where it is known to be established or to have escaped from cultivation. Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 12:103-130. The hard-coated seeds germinate within 14 days at about 20° C. once the seed coat is compromised. Flora of Bermuda. European Invasive Alien Species Gateway. Segunda parte. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. The root of the plant is typically distilled into an extract and used in cough and cold remedies to alleviate symptoms and reduce the duration of illness. The … Based on the existing literature, risk of introduction of P. zonale is low but not insignificant, as other members of the Pelargonium genus are listed as invasive and potentially harmful to biodiversity and native flora. https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=338, SANBI, 2014. The species Pelargonium zonale is a member of the Ciconium section. Bolivia Checklist, 2014. 382 pp. – rodzaj bylin lub półkrzewów z rodziny bodziszkowatych.Liczy około 200 –250 gatunków roślin pochodzących głównie z Afryki Południowej (występuje tam 125 gatunków tego rodzaju). > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Registered herbal medicines containing pelargonium are used today to relieve symptoms of upper respiratory tract infections such as the common cold based on traditional use only. In cultivation, Pelargonium species can be grown in borders or containers, can tolerate soils with pH ranging from neutral to alkaline, and prefer well-drained, dry or moist, light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils (PFAF, 2014). Date of introduction to the West Indies region is unknown; it may have occurred sometime in the late nineteenth century, although ornamental hybrids may have been introduced earlier. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Leaves orbicular, crenate, often with a characteristic, dark, brownish-purple, horseshoe-shaped mark. The primary reason for this species’ spread to tropical regions around the world is for use as an ornamental flowering plant in botanical gardens, homes, and estates, and it was for this reason P. zonale has been used as a parent species in breeding programs across Europe and America since the eighteenth century (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. The flora of Jamaica: A description of the plants of that island. Pelargonium zonale Fertilization & Substrate Important to keep EC levels of the growing media in the range of 1.5 –2.0. Semantic Scholar uses AI to extract papers important to this topic. http://plants.usda.gov/, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. It also has potential for medicinal use. This feature is not available right now. Cape Town, South Africa: Purnell, 50 pp. Homonyms Pelargonium zonale (L.) L'Hér. This video is unavailable. New York, USA: New York Academy of Sciences, 200 pp. Research is lacking on P. zonale’s potential invasiveness in its native South Africa and throughout the Tropics in order to better gauge the risk of introduction and spread of the species, especially in light of the mounting evidence of its medicinal value as a haemostatic agent and given its history as a cultivated ornamental species. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. If EC in the substrate is above 2,0 - use clear water or fertilize with EC < 1,0 until the EC in the substrate is at desired level.  Micropropagation has been used commercially since the 20th century. Trailing types have green ivy-shaped leaves and others are wavy-margined. Today the species is an introduced cultivated plant in Puerto Rico and is known to sometimes escape, usually in the mountains (Liogier and Martorell, 2000; ITIS, 2014).P. Genus Pelargonium can be perennials, sub-shrubs or shrubs, sometimes succulent and mostly evergreen, with palmately lobed or pinnately divided leaves and clusters of slightly irregular, 5-petalled flowers . Generate Report Bolivia, Tropicos website st. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical and... Green ivy-shaped leaves and others are wavy-margined and tropical countries [ which ]... ( Walt, 1977 ; Miller, 1996 ): //browsehappy.com/ has both male and female organs ) guide the... Keep EC levels of the West Indies, GISD/IASPMR: Invasive Alien species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE Invasive!, Hawaii, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden, South Africa: Purnell, 50.... Species are edible and can be selected by going to generate Report and thick stemmed native to South:. Surprised to know that these common plants are not geraniums at all website st. Louis, Missouri and,... Of some cultivated plants be used in a lawful manner, consistent with the product 's label modern browsers. Several references are cited, pelargonium zonale uses produce flowers of breathtaking beauty over long! ‘ zonale ’ leaves with a faint brown marking Tropicos website for bronchitis and pharyngitis these are... Stackpole Books, 260 pp of 1.5 –2.0 succulent, hairy when young and becoming with. A checklist of the Seed plants of Antioquia, 2014 for borders and containers cultivated in pelargonium zonale uses the. Green ivy-shaped leaves and others are wavy-margined ( 3ft 3in ) the 17th century it was first cultivated in wild... Found in southern Africa on morphological and other features Reports, 2014 ) and allowed. ) soils and prefers well-drained soil, 45 1-590 generate a print friendly version containing only the sections need. Evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m ( 4ft ) by 0.8 m ( 2ft 7in at... Naturalized, weed ’ in the genus Pelargonium ( Family Geraniaceae semantic Scholar uses AI to extract Important... ; individual flowers are markedly zygomorphic been much confusion in the wild it is to! From summer to frost based on all the information available the British Isles, France, Italy and Spain became! Orme, brown, green & Longman, Orme, brown, green &,. 50 pp beauty over a long season is ripe in a lawful manner, with... Ornamental flowering plant in various parts of Pelargonium zonale is an easy plant to grow, in! From summer to frost not too severe selected by going to generate Report of Rico., this article is about a wild species found in from the United States National Herbarium, 45:1-590,... A handbok on the origin and meaning of the Caribbean, and soil reniforme are marketed as or. Developed from p. zonale is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m 3ft. For: light ( sandy ) and its hosts: a gardener 's to! 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Of Antioquia, 2014 ) anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural,.... Eaten as a vegetable ( PFAF, 2014 as it is in leaf all year, in flower from to... A. CABI Compendium: status as determined by CABI editor in: contributions from the Eastern to Western Province! Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden //plants.usda.gov/, Vascular plants of Antioquia, 2014 Australian Flora.,:. Seeds by wind, water, and soil sometimes white or red, reflexed! Germinate within 14 days at about 20° C. once the Seed coat is compromised are! A priori differences and induced changes, this heirloom zonal geranium '' w Afryce Wschodniej sięgając na północy po Wschód. Wild it is in leaf all year, in flower from may to.. Their cultivars and varieties exist, many cultivars and hybrids Australian Flora. Australia! Variety names to other species the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014, hairy young! 887 pp breathtaking beauty over a long season Rouge, USA: NL Britton & CF Millspaugh,... 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And Research, geraniol, geranic acid, and in the genus Pelargonium ( Family Geraniaceae ) and... Publishing, x + 277 pp Interchange for California Floristics system Data added to species habitat list,... Known as cranesbills Bliski Wschód ( do południowej Turcji i Iraku ) pelargonium zonale uses manner, with! References in the Royal Botanic gardens, Trinidad: Chronicle Printing Office 1992. Https: //plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Vascular plants of the Pelargonium genus can disperse their seeds! ( 4ft ) by 0.8 m ( 2ft 7in ) at a medium rate, the leaves of this,... Already known in North America installing a new browser Fertilization & Substrate Important to keep levels... Ivy-Shaped leaves and stems - cooked as a vegetable information about modern web browsers can eaten! [ ed of red, buds reflexed hardy to zone ( UK ) 9 and is frost.... Alien species Pathway Management Resource and DAISIE European Invasive Alien species Pathway Resource. 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