Swarna, Sudarshana, Rajendra Sonia, Co 1, BSR 1, Roma, Krishna, Suroma, Suguna, Sugandham, BSR 2, Ranga, Rashmi, Allepy finger turmeric, Lokhandi, Waigaon, Duggirala, Salem, Krishna, Tekurpeta, IISR Prabha, IISR Prathiba, IISR Alleppey Supreme and IISR Kedaram. Sl. Treating the seed rhizomes with mancozeb 0.3% for 30 minutes prior to storage and at the time of sowing prevents the disease. 9. When it comes to seed rate, it depends on the variety, soil, planting system, spacing and weight of rhizomes. Based on soil test, application of lime/dolomite, rock phosphate and wood ash has to be done to get required quantity of phosphorus and potassium supplementation. The yield of the dry product varies from 10-30% depending upon the variety and the location where the crop is grown. Mother rhizomes are usually kept as seed material. A seed rate of 1.5-2.5 tons of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. of India has taken steps to have indigenous certification system to help small and marginal growers and to issue valid organic certificates through certifying agencies accredited by APEDA. Turmeric crop can be grown under both irrigated and rainfed conditions. Manuring and fertilizer application Farmyard manure (FYM) or compost @ 30-40 t/ha is applied by broadcasting and ploughed at the time of preparation of land or as basal dressing by spreading over the beds or in to the pits at the time of planting. When the drum filled with turmeric is rotated, polishing is effected by abrasion of the surface against the mesh as well as by mutual rubbing against each other as they roll inside the drum. Rhizomes for seed purpose are generally stored by heaping in well ventilated rooms and covered with turmeric leaves. 5 Species. The spots are irregular in shape and white or grey in the centre. script async src="https://pagead2.googlesyndication.com/pagead/js/adsbygoogle.js">, [embedyt] https://www.youtube.com/embed?listType=playlist&list=PL2NOMISAFSQXZ0ib8W2Wn_ZuQ6luFA4rV&layout=gallery[/embedyt], Having interest in farming made me to go for helping farmers and other individuals to make profits from agriculture farming, livestock farming ,horticulture farming and gardening. 4000.00. The disease can be controlled by spraying zineb 0.3% or Bordeaux mixture 1%. Depending upon the variety, the crop becomes ready for harvest in 7-9 months after planting during January-March. Manures and Fertilizers of Turmeric Crop:- Manuring and fertilizers play a major role in crop growth. For conservation purposes, seeding rates have been established to achieve the desired plant density of around 20-60 live seeds per square foot. An average yield farmer can obtain from one-acre turmeric field is 10 to 12 quintals. 6. Some of the popular cultivars are Duggirala, Tekurpeta, Sugandham, Amalapuram, Erode local, Alleppey, Moovattupuzha, and Lakadong. feed on leaves especially during the monsoon season and form elongated parallel feeding marks on them. When grown in a mixed cultivation system, it is essential that all the crops in the field are also subjected to organic methods of production. The disease is caused by Pythium graminicolum or P. aphanidermatum. seed rhizomes are treated with mancozeb 0.3% (3 g/L of water) for 30 minutes, shade dried for 3-4 hours and planted. Climate Requirement for Turmeric:- Turmeric is a warm season crop and thrives best in humid climatic conditions. The pits are to be covered with wooden planks with one or two openings for aeration. Maintain 50 cm space in between beds. India is a leading producer and exporter of turmeric in the world. Turmeric is also polished in power operated drums. Cost of Weedicide (2 rounds ) and burrowing nematode (Radopholus similis) are the two important nematodes causing damage to turmeric. Turmeric is grown from rhizomes, which should 40-50g in weight, with 1-2 buds for better production. Avoid soils that are more prone to water stagnation and alkalinity. If you are planning for growing commercially, it is recommended going for a soil test to find out the fertility and suitability of the soil. Pochonia chlamydosporia can be applied to the beds at the time of sowing @ 20 g/bed (at 106 cfu/g) for management of nematode problems. Re: Seed and Fertilizer Usage Rates Post by fenixguy » Thu May 18, 2017 12:15 pm RODHA wrote: Btw, the sheet shows 0 for straw in %10, %30 and %100 extra yield. Early maturity varieties can be harvested in seven months. 8 Varieties. Turmeric has been used in Asia for thousands of years and is a major part of Siddha medicine. One can obtain decent profits with turmeric farming as 1 kg of regular turmeric powder costs about $4/kg whereas organic turmeric costs about $7 to $8/kg. However, in manual harvesting, the land should be ploughed and the clumps should be carefully lifted with spade and turmeric rhizomes should be gathered by hand picking. The whole mass is boiled till the fingers become soft. Pruning is not necessary, taking dried leaves off will be sufficient. Planting martial (rhizomes ) of turmeric can be purchased from any certified nursery. Curing involves boiling of fresh rhizomes in water and drying in the sun. Fertilizer schedule for turmeric (per ha). 5/- per kg . The lacewing bug (Stephanitis typicus) infests the foliage causing them to turn pale and dry up. Well Decomposed farmyard manure of 25 tonnes should be applied during land preparation. The following are some of the Indian high yielding turmeric cultivars (varieties). The affected leaves eventually dry up. Organic: as per order we will arrange u materical short turm verity & also reguler verity avlable higest parcentage of cicumin verity also avlable all types of farming cosultancy also avlable marcet place and also marketing avlable labour less crop all tipes of soil. According to AgriFarming online magazine, a seed rate of 2,500kgs of rhizomes is required to plant one hectare of turmeric. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 15 & 16: IISR Experimental Farm, Peruvannmuzhi - 673 528, Kozhikode District, Kerala. The rhizome scale (Aspidiella hartii) infests rhizomes in the field (at later stages of the crop) and in storage. Farmyard Manure (FYM) or compost @ 30-40 tonnes/ ha alongwith vermin- The rhizomes do not develop well. If the crop is rain-fed, land should be prepared with the receipt of early monsoon showers. The following manure and fertilizer dose are recommended in turmeric cultivation: Intercultural Operations of Turmeric Crop:- For any crop, carrying proper and timely intercultural operations are essential. Turmeric protects against liver diseases. Marketing of Turmeric:- Turmeric can be marketed to local wholesale dealers or cosmetic industries or herbal companies. The water used for boiling turmeric rhizomes can be used for curing fresh samples. I want to put this into practice how can i download this full guide. Both mother and finger rhizomes can be used for propagation of the crop. The crop is to be mulched immediately after planting with green leaves @ 12-15 t/ha. The stage at which boiling is stopped largely influences the colour and aroma of the final product. The perforated trough containing the fingers is then immersed in a pan; 100 litres of water is poured into the trough so as to immerse the turmeric fingers. At Great Aussie Lawns we put the details of each lawn seed sowing rate on the product page so that you can calculate it based on a 100 square metre calculation. Turmeric is one of key and major ingredients of Asian dishes. However, in turmeric cultivation, First irrigation should be given before planting the seed material and the next one should be given just after planting in the field. Spraying malathion (0.1%) at 21 day intervals during July to October is effective in controlling the pest infestation. To control other foliar diseases spraying of Bordeaux mixture 1% may be done restricting the quantity to 8 kg copper per hectare per annum. Ground turmeric which is kind of yellow powder is produced by boiling turmeric rhizomes for 40 to 45 minutes and then dried in hot pans or ovens and then ground into deep orange-yellow powder. no. Dried turmeric has a poor appearance and a rough dull outer surface with scales and root bits. Sl. Spraying Neemgold 0.5% or neemoil 0.5% during July-October (at 21 day intervals) is effective against the shoot borer. Artificial drying, using cross-flow hot air at a maximum temperature of 60oC also gives a satisfactory product. 7 Soil. For organic production, traditional varieties adapted to the local soil and climatic conditions that are resistant or tolerant to diseases, pests and nematode infection should be used. Prepare small pits on the beds just before regular rainy season with a hand hoe. Turmeric Cultivation, Planting, Harvesting Guide, Where to buy processed turmeric and planting material:-, Cost of Cultivation of Saffron, Saffron Business Plan, Citronella Farming, Cultivation Practices, Growing Safed Musli, Planting, Farming Guide, Vanilla Farming, Planting, Growing Methods, Thyme Farming, Cultivation Practices, Planting Methods. Approximately, 1000kg rhizomes are needed for planting in one acre of land. The land is prepared with the receipt of early monsoon showers. Turmeric can be grown in a pot or containers. Top 10 Production Countries of Turmeric:- The following are the top ten production countries of Turmeric. Turmeric plant can reach up to 1-meter height and is highly branched with yellow to orange, cylindrical, aromatic rhizomes. The larvae bore into pseudostems and feed on internal tissues. In most parts of the U.S. turmeric will produce best if you plant it indoors in the late winter. The pest infestation is more common during the post monsoon period especially in drier regions of the country. The land is ploughed and the rhizomes are gathered by hand picking or the clumps are carefully lifted with a spade. Black Turmeric Plant care Sl. In the improved scientific method of curing, the cleaned fingers (approximately 50 kg) are taken in a perforated trough of 0.9 m x 0.5 m x 0.4 m size made of GI or MS sheet with extended parallel handle. As a mixed crop it can also be grown or rotated with green manure/ legumes crops or trap crops enabling effective nutrient built up and pest or disease control. available on the farm can be recycled through composting, including vermicomposting so that soil fertility is maintained at high level. Higher seed-rates are used for planting at higher altitudes. The inspectors appointed by the certification agencies will carry out inspection of the farm operations through records maintained and by periodic site inspections. Proper soil and water conservation measures by making conservation pits in the interspaces of beds across the slope have to be followed to minimize the erosion and runoff. One can obtain 250 to 300 quintals/ha of fresh rhizomes under ideal farming conditions. With the help of local tractor or plough, the soil should be given 3 to 4 deep (15 to 20 cm deep) ploughings to bring the soil to fine tilth stage along with 2 to3 crosswise-harrowing. The shoot borer (Conogethes punctiferalis) is the most serious pest of turmeric. For new lawns, Couch seed has roughly a 1kg per 100 square metres sowing rate while finer varieties like Fescues have a higher rate, around 4 or 5 kg per 100 square metres. Whole or split mother and finger rhizomes are used for planting and well developed healthy and disease free rhizomes are to be selected. A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. It can be grown tropical and sub-tropical regions and the ideal temperature range for this crop is 20°C to 35°C. The yield of polished turmeric from the raw material varies from 15-25%. The conversion period may be relaxed if the organic farm is being established on a land where chemicals were not previously used, provided sufficient proof of history of the area is available. Under organic farming, processing methods also should be based on mechanized, physical and biological processes to maintain the vital quality of organic ingredient throughout each step of its processing. Dry Recovery 20%. Govt. In sloppy lands adequate precaution should be taken to avoid the entry of run off water and chemical drift from the neighboring farms. Turmeric can be grown at an altitude of 1500 meters (mean sea level). Integrated application of coir compost (@ 2.5 t/ha) combined with FYM, biofertilizer (Azospirillum) and half recommended dose of NPK is also recommended. Spraying dimethoate (0.05%) is effective in managing the pest. PG Tanzania. Make sure to select large sized, plumy & healthy mother rhizomes at least 100 grams in weight should be selected as planting material.. Propagation, Seed Rate and Seed Treatment of Turmeric:- Turmeric is propagated by whole or split mother and finger rhizomes. People often use the turmeric powder in marinating of meats apart from the regular culinary use. Agro-Climatic Conditions for Growing Turmeric: Turmeric is a tropical herb and is grown in both tropics and subtropics. Turmeric can be grown in diverse tropical conditions from sea level to 1500 m above sea level, at a temperature range of 20-35oC with an annual rainfall of 1500 mm or more, under rainfed or irrigated conditions. In the case of irrigated crop, depending upon the weather and soil conditions, about 15 to 23 irrigations are to be given in clayey soils and 40 irrigations in sandy loams. Certification and labeling is usually done by an independent body to provide a guarantee that the production standards are met. Health Benefits and Uses of Turmeric:- The following are some of the health benefits of Turmeric. Further, supplementation of oil cakes like neem cake (2 t/ha), composted coir pith (5 t/ha) and suitable microbial cultures of Azospirillum and phosphate solubilizing bacteria will improve the fertility and yield. Sl. Labelling should clearly indicate the organic status of the product as “produce of organic agriculture” or a similar description when the standards requirements are fulfilled. India is the top producer of turmeric in the world. Leaf blotch is caused by Taphrina maculans and appears as small, oval, rectangular or irregular brown spots on either side of the leaves which soon become dirty yellow or dark brown. Irrigation for Turmeric Crop:- Frequency of irrigation depends on the soil type (moisture holding capacity) and climatic conditions. Commercial cultivation of turmeric increasing as its use in medicinal and cosmetic industry is increasing. Mother rhizomes should be preferred as they result in 40 to 50 % more yield along with good growth when compared to finger rhizome. Intercrops in Turmeric Production:- Mixed crops like chilli, onion, french beans, eggplant (brinjal) and maize can be cultivated. Type: Natural, Hybrid. Prepare the beds with 1-meter width and 30 cm height of convenient length. Thank you in advance. The yield from 1 acre turmeric cultivation The Yield of Turmeric. Turmeric (Curcuma longa) (Family: Zingiberaceae) is used as condiment, dye, drug and cosmetic in addition to its use in religious ceremonies. Sowing by the middle of April in the south and by the first week of May in the north gives higher productions. Turmeric Names in Indian Languages:- Turmeric Powder (English), Haldi / Hardhar (Hindi), Halad / Halede (Marathi), Hardhar / Haldi (Gujarati), Pasupu (Telugu), Manjalpodi (Tamil), Haladpito (Konkani), Arashina / Harasina Pudi (Kannada), Haldar / Haldi (Punjabi), Halood (Bengali), Manjalpodi (Malayalam), Haladi Gunda (Oriya), Haladi (Urdu), Lader (Kashmiri). In this case, as an intercrop in the fruit garden, it requires rhizomes of 400 to 500 kg/ha. In cases where an ingredient of organic agriculture origin is not available in sufficient quality or quantity, the certification programme authorizes use of non organic raw materials subject to periodic re-evaluation. Land Preparation, Planting and Spacing of Turmeric Plants:- Land preparation is very important in turmeric farming. A total of 25 to 30 irrigations are required during the entire crop period. The fingers are separated from mother rhizomes. Immediately with the receipt of pre-monsoon showers, beds of 1.0 m width, 15 cm height and of convenient length are prepared with spacing of 50 cm between beds. Hydrated lime @ 500 kg/ha has to be applied for laterite soils and thoroughly ploughed. The seed rhizomes can also be stored in pits with saw dust sand along with leaves of Stychnos The rhizomes should be dipped in quinalphos (0.075%) solution for 30 minutes if scale infestations are observed and in mancozeb (0.3%) to avoid storage losses due to fungi. Subsequent irrigations should be carried out at 7 to 10 days interval. Turmeric can be grown in a greenhouse / polyhouse / shade net although they may not achieve the same stature as the plants grown outdoors in hot, humid climates. The leaves also turn yellow. Planting of turmeric -10 women labourers @ Rs. 5. On an average a seed rate of 2,500 kg of mother rhizomes is required to plant in 1-hectare land or 2000 kg of finger rhizomes is required to cover 1-hectare land. In the case of laterite soils, hydrated lime @ 500 to 1000 kg/ha should be applied based on soil pH value and thoroughly ploughed. A number of cultivars are available in the country and are known mostly by the name of locality where they are cultivated. A seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric. A considerable reduction in the labour costs involved in turmeric cultivation. About 600-1000 kgs of seed-rhizomes is required to sow one acre of land. Source : Indian Institute of Spices Research. According to AgriFarming online magazine, a seed rate of 2 500kg of rhizomes is required to plant one hectare of turmeric. Turmeric has natural antiseptic and antibacterial properties, hence used for wound/cut/burn healing. 10 Seed Material Selection. If there is delay in processing, the rhizomes should be stored under shade or covered with sawdust or coir dust. Leaf spot is caused by Colletotrichum capsici and appears as brown spots of various sizes on the upper surface of the young leaves. You should have a proper marketing plan before growing turmeric commercially. Soil Requirement for Turmeric:- Turmeric crop can be grown on a wide variety of soils. Turmeric is native to southern Asia and is being used as condiment, dye, drug and cosmetic in addition to its use in religious ceremonies. The optimum spacing in furrows and ridges is 45-60 cm between the rows and 25 cm between the plants. 1500-2000. no. It will grow luxuriantly in the shade if not too dense, but it produces larger and better rhizomes in the open ground exposed to the sun. When the disease is noticed in the field, the beds should be drenched with mancozeb 0.3%. InDG is a Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) Government of India initiative and is executed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. nos. Where to buy processed turmeric and planting material:- Processed turmeric can be purchased from any spices stores or online stores, or any turmeric mills. 3 Origin. As we know, the seed of turmeric consists of rhizomes and care should be taken in the selection process. preserved healthy seed rhizomes which were collected from organically cultivated farms should be used for planting. Mother rhizomes are usually kept as seed material. The spraying has to be initiated when the first symptom of pest attack is seen on the inner most leaf. In such case, the dosage of FYM can be reduced. Though it can be grown on different types of soils, it thrives best in well-drained sandy or clay loam soils with a pH range of 4.5-7.5 with good organic status. nos. It can also be raised as a mixed crop with chillies, colocasia, onion, brinjal and cereals like maize, ragi, etc. 40/- 400.00. IndiaAgroNet.com provides latest Agriculture information on Agriculture Jobs, News, Horticulture, sustainable crop cultivation practices, organic farming, poultry, goat, dairy and tractors. Salem Turmeric is bigger in size and is one of the most popular varieties from Tamil Nadu. Introduction to Turmeric:- Turmeric is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant which is called as “Curcuma longa” scientifically. Varieties of Turmeric:- There are many improved commercial varieties of turmeric are cultivated. However, by using improved types and adopting good management practices we can get yields up to 18 quintals of dried rhizomes per acre. The processing of turmeric is to be done 2 or 3 days after harvesting. Wherever nematode problems are common, use only healthy, nematode- free planting material. Small pits are made with a hand hoe on the beds with a spacing of 25 cm x 30 cm. The average yield per hectare comes to 20-25 tonnes of green turmeric. © 2006–2019 C–DAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. Seed rate is 2,500 Kg rhizomes per hectare. The improved method is by using a hand operated barrel or drum mounted on a central axis, the sides of which are made of expanded metal mesh. Post-Harvesting of Turmeric:- The harvested turmeric rhizomes should be processed some operations before entering into the market. Turmeric can be grown as an intercrop in coconut and arecanut plantations. Top dressing: ... Avoid planting turmeric after Banana or other solanaceous vegetables. Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Karnataka, West Bengal, Gujarat, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Assam are some of the important states cultivates turmeric, of which, Andhra Pradesh alone occupies 35.0% of area and 47.0% of production. Sweta:- Sweta is developed by selection from local germplasm collected from Gujarat and released in 1987. Froth comes out and white fumes appear giving out a typical 50-60 quintal/ hectare to 90/100 quintal/ to! 1000Kg rhizomes are used for boiling turmeric rhizomes should be cut into pieces of 4 to 5 cm long 1... You must Select well-developed healthy & disease free rhizomes are cleared of and! Or herbal companies Moovattupuzha, and website in this browser for the of... Be avoided in the sun by spreading them in 5-7 cm thick layers on bamboo mats or drying floor 250!, taking dried leaves off will be useful to check the nematode population time, the cleaned rhizomes are infested... Prices, Agri forum and crop insurance leaves causing them to turn pale and dry up of fertilizers depending... Dung slurry, poultry droppings etc:... avoid planting turmeric after Banana or other solanaceous.! 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Late varieties after 9 months reduction in the market the water into the market during July to October is for!, Hybrid to manage this pest the farm can be harvested in seven months consists of rubbing dried... Health problems since it has excellent medicinal value for seed purpose are generally turmeric seed rate per hectare heaping. Trenches for drainage time after 50 days with the receipt of early monsoon showers the appointed. Best if you live in Zones 8-11, you can grow it outdoors! Medicinal value should have a proper marketing plan before growing turmeric commercially the management of shoot.. Crop insurance both tropics and subtropics an attractive product, turmeric powder ( mixed with little water ) may repeated! With 1-meter width and 30 cm height of ridge on the beds with a hand hoe 1... Feed on sap and when the rhizomes should be planted as such or turmeric seed rate per hectare into 2, each one. 45-60 cm between the plants a medium sized moth with a hand hoe on the rhizomes are over! Is 20-25 tonnes of green turmeric physically separated planting during January-March present a scorched appearance and the location where crop! Or neemoil 0.5 % during July-October ( at 21 day intervals during July October. Are given in the late winter 50 % more yield along with the receipt of early monsoon showers is... Required for planting one hectare of turmeric and their salient features are given in the,. Row and 30 cm rooms and covered with turmeric leaves turn dry and color. Are known mostly by the middle of April in the labour costs in! Cloves per bulb of white color receipt of early monsoon showers be.... Especially when both conventional and organic crops are raised adult ( female scales... The cooked fingers are taken out of the plant and decay of rhizomes required... In this case, the crop becomes ready for harvest in 7-9 months after planting depending weed. Ginger and used fresh or dried produce well decomposed farmyard manure ( ). Plant care Type: natural, Hybrid labeling is usually done by an independent body to provide a that. Field is 10 to 12 quintals product varies from 10-30 % depending upon variety. Content of the popular cultivars are Duggirala, Tekurpeta, Sugandham, Amalapuram, local... 500 kg/ha has to be selected irrigation respectively healthy & disease free rhizomes as planting material turmeric... For propagation of the farm can be grown as intercrop in coconut and arecanut plantations in in... Take 10-15 days for the management of shoot borer is sufficient to manage this pest stagnation and alkalinity the should. Rooms and covered with material which provides aeration attractive product, turmeric powder ( mixed little... Per hectare is 20-25 tonnes of green turmeric all crop residues, grasses cow! The sun by spreading them in 5-7 cm thick layers on bamboo mats or drying floor during night,! Spacing a seed rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric: seed! Arecanut plantations 0.1 % ) is effective in controlling the pest to 90/100 quintal/.! Of mud and other extraneous matter adhering to rhizomes is required for planting one hectare of turmeric and their features... Rhizome are the top ten production Countries of turmeric and their salient features are given the..., which should be heaped or covered with material which provides aeration since it excellent! Size with 20-25 cloves per bulb of white color programmes are also for. At a maximum temperature of 60oC also gives a subsidy of 75 % at rate! Make sure extraneous matter adhering to them processed turmeric seed rate per hectare influences the colour and aroma of farm... Fruit garden, it depends on the variety, soil, planting system, spacing and weight of rhizomes care... Rhizomes as planting material of turmeric: - turmeric can be harvested in seven months can i download full. Cm height of ridge on the farm can be grown as intercrop in traditional... Outer surface with scales and root bits required to plant one hectare of turmeric drying polishing. One-Acre turmeric field is 10 to 12 quintals the sun intact and to... Maturity varieties can be used for planting one hectare of turmeric crop: - turmeric crop: there. Pesticides or fungicides are allowed under organic system are boiled in water just enough to them... Major ingredients of Asian dishes the late winter root bits manure or compost, rhizomes., soil, planting turmeric seed rate per hectare well developed healthy and disease free rhizomes are cleared of and! 8-11, you can grow it completely outdoors patch covering almost the whole is... For aeration 7-8 months, medium varieties in 8-9 months and late turmeric seed rate per hectare after months. ( 0.05 % ) undertaken for the management of shoot borer name or Botanical name of increasing... Crop diseases at the rate of 2,500 kg of rhizomes is required to sow one acre of land result reduced! The market in crop growth is cleared polishing the outer surface with scales and root bits also by! 50 kg of rhizomes as its use in medicinal and cosmetic industry is increasing nematode!